Rishon LeZion

July 31, 1882: Rishon Lezion or “First For Zion” was founded by a group of 10 families in Eretz Israel. The settlement marked the beginning of the first Aliyah (going up) to Eretz- Israel, and the beginning of Rothschild’s deep involvement with settlement activities. Later that year, Baron Edmund De Rothschild in response to the Russian pogroms and a plea by Rabbi Samuel Mohilever agreed to help the new Moshava.

Pictured below is a stamp issued by Israel marking the centenary of the establishment of the Moshav – an agricultural cooperative.

rishon lezion centenary

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The 1936 Salzburg Festival and Toscanini

July 29, 1936: The plan of the Austrian Government to broadcast to Germany the Salzburg Festival performances has run afoul of Arturo Toscanini. It has just leaked out from circles in close contact with the Italian conductor that Mr. Toscanini has threatened to leave Salzburg immediately, never to return, if any performance conducted by him is broadcast to Germany.

Shown below is a U.S. postage stamp honoring Toscanini.

arturo-toscanini-conducting

Beatrix Potter

July 28, 1866 – Birthdate of Beatrix Potter, English author and illustrator (d. 1943).

Helen Beatrix Potter was also a natural scientist and conservationist.  She was best known for her imaginative children’s books featuring animals such as those in The Tale of Peter Rabbit, which celebrated the British landscape and country life.

Potter was born into a wealthy Unitarian family. She and her younger brother Walter Bertram grew up with few friends outside their large extended family. Her parents were artistic, interested in nature, and enjoyed the countryside. As children, Beatrix and Bertram had numerous small animals as pets which they observed closely and drew endlessly. Summer holidays were spent away from London, in Scotland and in the English Lake District where Beatrix developed a love of the natural world which was the subject of her painting from an early age.

Shown below is a British postage stamp commemorating Potter and The Tale of Peter Rabbit.  The stamp was issued on July 11, 1979 as part of a set of 4 stamps honoring The Year of The Child and also included children’s authors Kenneth Grahame, A.A. Milne and Lewis Carroll.

The Tale of Peter Rabbit

Chaim Weizmann, 1874 – 1952

July 27, 1920: Chaim Weizmann was elected president of the World Zionist Organization.  Weizmann was the first President of Israel, elected on February 16, 1949 and served in this capacity until his death in 1952.  Weizmann was also a biochemist who developed the acetone-butanol-ethanol fermentation process, which produces acetone through bacterial fermentation.

Pictured here is a stamp issued by the Israel Post Office commemorating Weizmann.

Stamp_of_Israel_-_President_Dr._Weizmann_-_110mil

Carl Jung

  • July 26, 1875 – Birthdate of Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist (d. 1961).  Jung was the founder of analytical psychology. His work has been influential not only in psychiatry but also in philosophy, anthropology, archaeology, literature, and religious studies. He was a prolific writer, though many of his works were published posthumously.
  • The central concept of analytical psychology is individuation—the psychological process of integrating the opposites, including the conscious with the unconscious, while still maintaining their relative autonomy. Jung considered individuation to be the central process of human development.

    Jung created some of the best known psychological concepts, including the archetype, the collective unconscious, the complex, and extraversion and introversion.

Jung was born in Kesswil, Switzerland and his family moved to Basle when he was 4 years old.  He completed his early education and medical studies there and then went on to Zurich where he worked at the University Psychiatry Clinic from 1900 – 1909.  In 1944, after a period of working in private practice, Jung became Professor of Medical Psychology at the University of Basle.

Carl Jung

Shown above is a 1978 Swiss stamp (Scott Catalog No. 619) commemorating Jung.

Kaifeng Jews

July 25, 1605: A Jesuit Missionary in China writes a letter describing his meetings with Ai T’ien, a Chinese Jewish teacher. This correspondence is some of the earliest evidence documented of the Kaifeng Jewish community.  Shown here is a First Day Cover of a United States Stamp commemorating the Chinese New Year along with a photo of a Kaifeng Jewish family from 1910.

kaifeng jews FDC