- July 26, 1875 – Birthdate of Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist (d. 1961). Jung was the founder of analytical psychology. His work has been influential not only in psychiatry but also in philosophy, anthropology, archaeology, literature, and religious studies. He was a prolific writer, though many of his works were published posthumously.
- The central concept of analytical psychology is individuation—the psychological process of integrating the opposites, including the conscious with the unconscious, while still maintaining their relative autonomy. Jung considered individuation to be the central process of human development.
Jung created some of the best known psychological concepts, including the archetype, the collective unconscious, the complex, and extraversion and introversion.
Jung was born in Kesswil, Switzerland and his family moved to Basle when he was 4 years old. He completed his early education and medical studies there and then went on to Zurich where he worked at the University Psychiatry Clinic from 1900 – 1909. In 1944, after a period of working in private practice, Jung became Professor of Medical Psychology at the University of Basle.
Shown above is a 1978 Swiss stamp (Scott Catalog No. 619) commemorating Jung.