August 27, 1770 – Birthdate of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, German philosopher and academic (d. 1831).
Hegel’s principal achievement is his development of a distinctive articulation of idealism sometimes termed “absolute idealism,” in which the dualisms of, for instance, mind and nature and subject and object are overcome. His philosophy of spirit conceptually integrates psychology, the state, history, art, religion, and philosophy. His account of the master–slave dialectic has been highly influential, especially in 20th-century France. Of special importance is his concept of spirit (Geist: sometimes also translated as “mind”) as the historical manifestation of the logical concept and the “sublation” (Aufhebung: integration without elimination or reduction) of seemingly contradictory or opposing factors; examples include the apparent opposition between nature and freedom and between immanence and transcendence.
The 40 Pfennig stamp shown here was issued on January 20, 1970 by the Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR) or what was East Germany.