October 16, 1810: (18th Tishrei), 5571 Nachman of Breslov also known as Reb Nachman of Bratslav, Nachman from Uman, or simply as Rebbe Nachman (in local Yiddish reb Nokhmen Broslever) passed away. “Born in 1772, he was the founder of the Breslov Hasidic dynasty. Born at a time when the influence of his great-grandfather, the Baal Shem Tov, was waning, Rebbe Nachman breathed new life into the Chasidic movement by combining the esoteric secrets of Judaism (the Kabbalah) with in-depth Torah scholarship. He attracted thousands of followers during his lifetime, and after his death, his followers continued to regard him as their Rebbe and did not appoint any successor.
Among his sayings are, “It is in our interest to see everything as being for the best,” “It is a great mitzvah to always be happy” and “There is no despair at all in the world.”
His teachings of expressing happiness as a matter of faith helped Jews cope with difficulties during a period when many were downtrodden and poor. Rav Nachman, as he is known to his followers, expressed a special love for the Land of Israel and the Jewish People, whom he encouraged to discover the “song of life.”
He died at the age of 39 in 1810.
Israel Post company issued a stamp in June 2010 marking 200 years since the death of Reb Nachman. The stamp is based on a painting by Rabbi Yisrael Yitzchak Bezanson, who recreated a 1922 photograph of Breslov Hassidim at the grave of Rav Nachman.