Rutherford B. Hayes, anti-Semitism and First Day Covers

November 7, 1876: U.S. Presidential elections were held today which pitted Republican Rutherford B. Hayes and Democrat Samuel Tilden against each other.  Until 2000, it was the only Presidential election that was not settled at the ballot box. Hayes would eventually be declared the winner thanks to a grand compromise. Hayes “was the first president to designate a Jewish ambassador for the stated purpose of fighting anti-Semitism. In 1870, he named Benjamin Peixotto Consul-General to Romania. Hayes also was the first president to assure a civil service employee her right to work for the Federal government and yet observe the [Jewish] Sabbath.”

Pictured today is one of the United States’ classic postage stamps from a set of presidential stamps known as the Series of 1922 or the Fourth Bureau Issue.  It was issued on the 100th anniversary of President Hayes’ birthday, October 4, 1922 and in Hayes’ hometown, Fremont, Ohio.  This coordination of date and geographic location set the stage for the creation of the beginning of modern First Day Cover collecting, as the stamps were mailed from Fremont on the date of issue with the envelopes bearing a postmark containing the city of origin and the date.

rutherford b hayes


3 thoughts on “Rutherford B. Hayes, anti-Semitism and First Day Covers

    1. Emily, this is fascinating and interesting information and thank you for sharing it. My information came from Wikipedia, so certainly the disparity of historical claims is understandable as Wikipedia is open-source while the Jewish Encyclopedia is presumably a “closed-source” edition.


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