January 27, 1996 – Germany first observes International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
International Holocaust Remembrance Day, is an international memorial day on January 27th commemorating the victims of the Holocaust. It commemorates the genocide that resulted in the death of 6 million Jews, 2 million Gypsies, 250,000 mentally and physically disabled people, and 9,000 homosexual men by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. It was designated by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 60/7 on November 1, 2005 during the 42nd plenary session. The resolution came after a special session was held earlier that year on 24 January 2005 during which the United Nations General Assembly marked the 60th anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi concentration camps and the end of the Holocaust.
On January 27, 1945, Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest Nazi death camp, was liberated by Soviet troops.
Prior to the 60/7 resolution, there had been national days of commemoration, such as Germany’s Tag des Gedenkens an die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus (The Day of remembrance for the victims of National Socialism), established in a proclamation issued by Federal President Roman Herzog on January 3, 1996; and the Holocaust memorial day observed every January 27th since 2001 in the United Kingdom.
The Holocaust Remembrance Day is also a national event in the United Kingdom and in Italy.
In 2008, the post offices of Israel and the United Nations released a joint-issue of stamps commemorating this day.