February 2, 1536: Spaniard Pedro de Mendoza founds Buenos Aires, Argentina. As in so much of the rest of Latin America, the first Jews to settle in Argentina were conversos – Jews who were forced to convert to Christianity in order to save their own lives, but then went on to practice Judaism secretly. When Argentina gained its independence in 1810, the Inquisition was abolished and this marked the beginning of the development of the modern Argentinean Jewish Community. The first Jewish wedding in Buenos Aires took place in 1860. Today Buenos Aires has a Jewish population of about 200,000 souls. The city supports a variety of Jewish institutions including a campus of the Convservative Jewish Theological Seminary and one of the last remaining daily Yiddish newspapers. Unfortunately, Buenos Aires was also the site of one of the worst terrorist attacks outside of Eretz Israel. See this article for more information on the AMIA Bombing: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AMIA_bombing
Presented for your enjoyment today are 1858 Buenos Aires “local” postage stamps. Stanley Gibbons catalogs this example as No. P25, which is part of a set of 8 values now priced at over $2,000. Unfortunately, the philatelic market is flooded with MANY forgeries of this stamp, so if you find these among your collection, be sure to have them expertized by a reliable service in order to determine their authenticity.