February 14, 1896 Theodor Herzl published “Der Judenstaat” which outlined his vision for a Jewish State.
Below are some fundamental assertions by the leader of the Zionist movement, taken from the introduction of this pivotal work in the history of Judaism:
“The Jewish question still exists. It would be foolish to deny it. It is a remnant of the Middle Ages, which civilized nations do not: even yet seem able to shake off, try as they will. They certainly showed a generous desire to do so when they emancipated us. The Jewish question exists wherever Jews live in perceptible numbers. Where it does not exist, it is carried by Jews in the course of their migrations. We naturally move to those places where we are not persecuted, and there our presence produces persecution. This is the case in every country, and will remain so, even in those highly civilized–for instance, France–until the Jewish question finds a solution on a political basis. The unfortunate Jews are now carrying the seeds of Anti-Semitism into England; they have already introduced it into America.
“I believe that I understand Anti-Semitism, which is really a highly complex movement. I consider it from a Jewish standpoint, yet without fear or hatred. I believe that I can see what elements there are in it of vulgar sport, of common trade jealousy, of inherited prejudice, of religious intolerance, and also of pretended self-defense. I think the Jewish question is no more a social than a religious one, notwithstanding that it sometimes takes these and other forms. It is a national question, which can only be solved by making it a political world-question to be discussed and settled by the civilized nations of the world in council.
“We are a people–one people.”
On July 6, 2004 a stamp marking the 100th Yahrzeit (death anniversary) of Herzl was jointly issued by the countries of Austria, Hungary and Israel. Shown below are a single stamp from Hungary, a mini-sheet from Austria and a plate block from Israel.