Salomon Sulzer, 1804 – 1890

March 30, 1804: Birthdate of Salomon Sulzer the Austrian Hazzan and composer whose “Shir Tziyyon” a work in two volumes that “established models for the various sections of the musical service—the recitative of the cantor, the choral of the choir, and the responses of the congregation—and contained music for Sabbaths, festivals, weddings, and funerals which has been introduced into nearly all the synagogues of the world.”

In all his compositions strict attention is paid to the Hebrew text; and a scrupulous adherence to syntactic construction is observed throughout. The collection “Zwanzig Gesänge für den Israelitischen Gottesdienst”(Vienna, 1892) was printed posthumously. In his “Denkschrift an die Wiener Cultusgemeinde” he sums up his ideas on the profession of cantor. Sulzer, who was widely famed as a singer and as an interpreter of Schubert, was a professor at the imperial conservatorium of Vienna, a knight of the Order of Francis Joseph I and a maestro of the Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecelia in Rome. Universally recognized as the regenerator of synagogal, he has been called the “father of the modern cantorate”.

On January 17, 1990, Austria released this stamp commemorating the 100th anniversary of Sulzer’s death (Scott No. 1488):

salomon sulzer - austria 1990

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