April 16, 73 C.E. – Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Romans after several months of siege, ending the Great Jewish Revolt.
Masada is an ancient fortification in the Southern District of Israel situated on top of an isolated rock plateau, akin to a mesa, on the eastern edge of the Judaean Desert, overlooking the Dead Sea 20 kilometers (12 miles) east of Arad.
Herod the Great built palaces for himself on the mountain and fortified Masada between 37 and 31 BCE. According to Josephus, the Siege of Masada by troops of the Roman Empire towards the end of the First Jewish-Roman War ended in the mass suicide of 960 Jews – the Sicarii rebels and their families hiding there.
Masada is one of Israel’s most popular tourist attractions.
Israel released a set of 3 stamps commemorating the fortress in it’s series entitled, “Masada Shall Not Fall Again”. The set was first issued on February 3, 1965 and included a 25-agorot stamp depicting the western view of the structure, a 36-agorot stamp showing Herod’s palace on the lower terrace and a 1-lira stamp with the northern palace.