May 31, 1955: A revival of Frank Loesser’s “Guys & Dolls” opened today at the New York City Center starring Walter Matthau as Nathan Detroit. (from “This Day … In Jewish History”, Mitchell A. Levin)
The music and lyrics for this musical were written by Frank Loesser and the book was written by Jo Swerling and Abe Burrow. It is based on “The Idyll of Miss Sarah Brown” and “Blood Pressure” – two short stories by Damon Runyon – and also borrows characters and plot elements from other Runyon stories – most notably “Pick the Winner”.
The premiere on Broadway was in 1950. It ran for 1200 performances and won the Tony Award for Best Musical. The musical has had several Broadway and London revivals, as well as a 1955 film adaptation starring Marlon Brando, Jean Simmons, Frank Sinatra and Vivian Blaine. (from Wikipedia)
In 1999, the U.S. Postal Service issued a 33-cent stamp honoring Frank Loesser as part of its Legends of American Music series (Scott No. 3350):